Mathews v. Eldridge, 424 U.S. 319 (1976)
Nov 15, 2014 by Vahid Dejwakh

Facts and Procedural History

Eldridge was notified his Social Security Disability benefits would terminate without an opportunity for a prior hearing. He is challenging the constitutionality of the administrative procedures established by the Secretary of Health Education and Welfare for determining whether there exists a continuing disability which entitles a recipient to disability benefits.

Issue(s)

Does Due Process require a hearing prior to termination of Social Security Disability benefits?

Holding and Dissent(s)

A pre-termination hearing for social security disability benefits is NOT required, because hardships faced by such termination are not as grave or significant as those faced by welfare recipients.

Must weigh:
1) plaintiff’s interest,
2) government’s interest,
3) risk of error, and
4) probable value of an additional procedure

Analysis and Discussion

The holding from this case was important, because it established the four-part test used to determine when due process requires an additional procedure.

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